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Welcome to flu.pittcountync.gov, your central location for influenza information as it pertains to Pitt County. Having a central site makes it easier for you to remember one web address as opposed to dozens.
2011 Flu Vaccination Clinic
The Pitt County Health Department is offering flu vaccinations by appointment. Call 252-902-2305. The Health Department is located at 201 Government Circle, Greenville, just off of Old Creek Road in the Pitt County Office Park.
People who have Medicare should bring their card with them. The Health Department will file their insurance. For those with Medicaid, Medicaid will cover the flu shot for the following groups:
- children 18 and under
- pregnant women
- adults with chronic health conditions such as asthma, heart disease, cancer, diabetes, or HIV.
Children 18 and under who are uninsured or underinsured are eligible for free vaccine (either the flu shot or nasal spray). For all others, there is a charge of $27.00 and only regular seasonal flu shots are available (we do not currently carry the high-dose or intradermal vaccines).
**NOTE** Due to cuts in funding, free flu vaccinations will not be offered in the schools this year.
Types of Flu Vaccine
Remember, the flu vaccine is now recommended for everyone 6 months of age or older!
The single best way to prevent the flu is to get a flu vaccine each season. There are two types of flu vaccines:
- “Flu shots” — inactivated vaccines (containing killed virus) that are given with a needle. There are three flu shots being produced for the United States market now.
- The regular seasonal flu shot is “intramuscular” which means it is injected into muscle (usually in the upper arm). It has been used for decades and is approved for use in people 6 months of age and older, including healthy people, people with chronic medical conditions and pregnant women. Regular flu shots make up the bulk of the vaccine supply produced for the United States.
- A hi-dose vaccine for people 65 and older which also is intramuscular. This vaccine was first made available during the 2010-2011 season.
- An intradermal vaccine for people 18 to 64 years of age which is injected with a needle into the “dermis” or skin. This vaccine is being made available for the first time for the 2011-2012 season.
- The nasal–spray flu vaccine — a vaccine made with live, weakened flu viruses that is given as a nasal spray (sometimes called LAIV for “Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine”). The viruses in the nasal spray vaccine do not cause the flu. LAIV is approved for use in healthy* people 2 to 49 years of age who are not pregnant.
About two weeks after vaccination, antibodies develop that protect against influenza virus infection. Flu vaccines will not protect against flu-like illnesses caused by non-influenza viruses.
The seasonal flu vaccine protects against the three influenza viruses that research suggests will be most common.
Key Flu Facts
- The flu season usually begins in the fall and runs through the spring.
- Influenza spreads mainly person-to-person through coughing or sneezing of infected people.
- On average, each year in the United States more than 200,000 people are hospitalized from flu-related complications and about 23,600 people will die from flu-related causes.
- People at highest risk of serious flu complications include young children, pregnant women, people with chronic health conditions like asthma, diabetes or heart and lung disease and people 65 years and older.
- Vaccination is the best protection against the flu.
- The flu vaccine is recommended for everyone 6 months of age and older.
- Fever (usually greater than 100)*
- Coughing and/or sore throat
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Headaches and/or body aches
- Vomiting and Diarrhea (for some people)
*Not all people will have a fever.
Who Should See a Doctor
- Most healthy people can manage their flu symptoms at home without a doctor visit or prescription medicine.
- The following people need to contact their doctor if they develop flu-like symptoms because they may be at higher risk for complications from the flu:
- Pregnant women
- Young children
- People with weakened immune systems
- People with chronic health conditions including asthma, diabetes, heart disease, diseases of the kidney, liver, or blood, diseases of the brain or nervous system, people with difficulty swallowing
- Elderly people
- People who develop more severe symptoms
Home Care for the Flu
- People with mild flu symptoms should stay home until they have been without a fever for at least 24 hours.
- Over-the-counter medicine may help reduce fever and body aches.
- Get plenty of rest and drink clear fluids such as water, broth, or sports drinks to keep from becoming dehydrated.
- Contact your doctor if symptoms get worse.
- Limit your contact with others and follow recommendations for handwashing, coughing, and sneezing to keep from spreading the virus.
When to Seek Urgent Medical Care
You should seek medical care when you:
- Have difficulty breathing or chest pain.
- Have purple or blue discoloration of your lips.
- Are vomiting and unable to keep fluids down.
- Show signs of dehydration, such as feeling dizzy when standing or unable to urinate.
- Have seizures.
- Are less responsive than normal or become confused.
Prevent the Spread of the Flu
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw used tissues in the trash.
- If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your elbow, not your hands.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread that way.
- Get the flu vaccine when it becomes available.
- Stay home if you get sick. CDC recommends that you stay home from work or school and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.
- Try to stay in good general health. Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious food.
- Stay informed. For updated information, visit www.flu.gov or www.flu.nc.gov .