Pitt County Soil Survey
Historical Replica - Issued November 1974
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE, IN COOPERATION WITH THE NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
Figure 1 - Location of Pitt County in North Carolina
The county is mostly rural, and farming is the main enterprise. A large part of the farm income is derived from the sale of tobacco. The rest is derived mainly from the sales of corn, soybeans, peanuts, cotton, cucumbers, forestry products, dairy products, poultry and poultry products, and livestock.
In 1969 about 153,220 acres was in field crops (11)2, 24,692 acres was in pasture, and 216,400 acres was in woodland (10). In the same year, about 45 percent of the total number of farms was operated by tenant farmers.
About 85 percent of the land in the county is in privately owned farms. The only significant publicly owned lands are the two areas owned by the U.S. Information Agency, Voice of America, and the farm operated by the Pitt County Home.
The soils are nearly level to sloping. The nearly level soils are in the eastern and southeastern parts of the county. The more sloping ones are in the western part and along the southern side of the Tar River and its tributaries. All of the soils are acid. Base saturation is less than 35 percent. Natural fertility is mostly low or very low. Suitable amounts of lime and fertilizer are generally needed to increase the content of calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, and potassium. The content of organic matter is also mostly low or very low, except in some very wet soils, where water has retarded oxidation.
1 LEROY HACKER and JAY SHIROZAKI, Soil Conservation Service, also contributed substantially to this survey.
2 Italic numbers in parentheses refer to Literature cited.
Table of Contents
General soil associations
1. Norfolk-Exum-Goldsboro association
2. Roanoke-Lakeland-Altavista association
3. Lynchburg-Rains-Goldsboro association
4. Lenoir-Bladen-Craven association
5. Coxville-Exum association
6. Bibb-Portsmouth association
7. Bladen-Byars association
|Use and management of the soils||Use of soils for crops and pasture
Management by capability units
|Woodland uses of soil|| Woodland resources
Rating soils for woodland use
Woodland suitability grouping of soils
|Use of soils for wildlife||Habitat elements
Classes of wildlife
|Engineering uses of the soils||Engineering soil classification systems
Engineering test data
Estimated properties of soils
|Formation and classification of the soils|| Factors of soil formation
Climate Plant and animal life
Classification of the soils
|General nature of the county|| Physiography, relief, and drainage
Industry and transportation
Cultural facilities Farming
Index to Map Sheets
Locate your area of interest on the illustration below. Then click within the boundaries of that area to see the detailed soil map. NOTE THAT EACH MAP SHEET CONSISTS OF TWO SCANS. CLICK ON THE LEFT OR RIGHT OF THE BOXED AREA AS APPROPRIATE.Original soil survey map sheets were scanned at publication scale. Viewing scale and printing scale, however, may vary from the original. Please rely on the bar scale on each map sheet for proper map measurements. These maps are scanned and do not have the accuracy of standard soil maps.
Click here for the soil legend and the conventional and special symbols legend.